Friday, July 23, 2010

Dietary Supplements are now Safely Regulated


1994 The Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA)

• Requires manufacturers to follow Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) set by the FDA

     o GMPs were fully implemented between June 2008 and June 2010

• Continues to define dietary supplements as Food

• Regulates labels

     o All claims must be truthful and not misleading

     o All ingredients must be on the labels

     o Documentation to prove claims must be maintained

• Approves pre-existing dietary ingredients already on the market as of October 15, 1994

     o Common vitamins, minerals, herbs

     o “Grandfathering” was twice applied to pharmaceuticals already on the market:

     o  The 1938 Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act & 1962 Kefauver-Harris Amendments

• Requires pre-market submission to the FDA of all New Dietary Ingredients marketed after October 15, 1994

     o The agency questions the majority of submissions

     o The agency has the power to reject applications; and has done so

     o This is analogous to pharmaceuticals where all drugs entering the market after October 10, 1962 require an FDA submission/approval process

1997 Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act (FDAMA)

• Provides for health claims based on an authoritative statement by a scientific body of the U.S. government or the National Academy of Sciences

• Such claims may be used only after submission of a health claim notification to FDA

2002 The Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act

• All food manufacturers, including dietary supplement manufacturers, are required to be registered with the government and give advance notification of raw materials imports

2003 The FDA Consumer Health Information for Better Nutrition Initiative

• Provides for qualified health claims where the quality and strength of the scientific evidence falls below that required for FDA to issue an authorizing regulation

     o Such health claims must be qualified to assure accuracy and non-misleading presentation to consumers

2004 The Anabolic Steroid Control Act amendment

• Bans steroid precursors sold as dietary supplements

     o The FDA and DEA have authority to take action against adulterated products

2006 The Dietary Supplement and Nonprescription Drug Consumer Protection Act

• Requires reporting of all serious adverse events (AERs) for both dietary supplements and OTC drugs

The Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act

• Requires label disclosure of the 8 major allergens that cause 90% of all food allergies

2010 The most recent annual report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers

• Published in the journal Clinical Toxicology

• Reports zero reports of accidental deaths from dietary supplements

     Full implementation of mandatory federal cGMPs was completed in June

• All manufacturers & suppliers are now bound by FDA standards of safety and documentation

     The Dietary Supplement Full Implementation and Enforcement Act

• Introduced in Congress to increase funding for FDA enforcement of dietary supplement laws

     The Food Safety bill

• Includes enhanced mandatory recall authority for all foods, including dietary supplements

• Expected to pass Congress soon

1 comment:

Dr Eric Berg said...

these are great. thanks for telling / inform us about the health bill. this is a big help to everyone.